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Ways to treat and prevent infectious diseases

Infectious diseases can be caused by bacteria, viruses or other organisms that enter the body through a wide variety of methods. Because these diseases are often easily transmitted from person to person, a high incidence of the disease can be observed in a single community. Prevention is the best way to protect against infectious diseases. With just a few steps and some healthy habits, you can stay away from many germs and diseases.

Prevent infectious diseases

 Infectious Disease Treatment, Ways to Prevent Infectious Diseases

Wash your hands: Proper hygiene is essential during the spread of infectious diseases. Pathogens (such as viruses, bacteria, and fungi) are easily transported from infected surfaces to your skin and from there to the eyes and mouth, where they can reach your body. Therefore, hand washing is the first step to reduce the transmission of infectious agents.

Wash your hands every time you go to the toilet, change diapers, sneeze, or blow your nose and when in contact with body fluids.

Wash your hands before and after meals.

When washing your hands, use soap and warm water, soak your hands up to your wrist, and wash your skin for at least 20 seconds or more.

If soap and water are unavailable, use a hand sanitizer and apply it from your fingertips to your wrist to eliminate pathogens.

 Infectious Disease Treatment, Ways to Prevent Infectious Diseases

Avoid facial, eye and nose touch: People tend to touch their face several times throughout the day. This is where your hand’s infectious agents reach your body. If an intact skin does not allow the transmission of pathogens to the body, the eyes and mucous membranes in the nose and mouth do so.

In addition to maintaining proper hygiene, try not to touch your face, even with clean hands.

Avoid direct contact with palms and face and use a napkin when coughing or sneezing.

If the napkin is not available, cover your mouth or nose with your elbow. After using the napkin, immediately dispose of it in a suitable trash can and wash your hands.

 Infectious Disease Treatment, Ways to Prevent Infectious Diseases

Do all the vaccinations on time: Vaccines are a preventative measure that helps prevent or reduce the disease caused by infectious pathogens. If you are exposed to pathogens, your immune system can fight it more effectively.

Do all vaccinations for adults and children in a timely manner and keep accurate vaccination records at home for each family member to ensure that everyone is vaccinated.

Because vaccines are designed to activate the immune system to identify specific pathogens, some vaccines may cause minor symptoms, such as fever, fatigue, and muscle pain, which can take a day or two.

Some immunizations require booster doses (such as tetanus and polio) at certain intervals to maintain immunity.

 Infectious Disease Treatment, Ways to Prevent Infectious Diseases

Stay home when you have an infectious disease: Try to keep fewer people exposed to the disease by staying home. Although some infectious diseases do not spread easily from person to person, others do spread and therefore, you should stay home when symptoms occur.

If you are in public places, cover your mouth and nose with your elbows when coughing and sneezing (not by hand) to avoid spreading bacteria in the air and transmitting germs by hand.

In the event of illness, wash hands and joint surfaces frequently to minimize the transmission of germs.

 Infectious Disease Treatment, Ways to Prevent Infectious Diseases

Store and store food from safe places: Some pathogens are transmitted to your body through food (so-called foodborne illnesses or pathogens). When food is consumed and bacteria reach your body, it can multiply and cause disease. Therefore, it is essential to properly store and store all foods.